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New compound is effective against drug-resistant leukemia, preclinical study finds
Researchers at UNC Lineberger and at other institutions developed a new potential treatment for acute myeloid leukemia. In the journal JCI Insight, they report that the compound MRX-2843 more than doubled the median days of survival in laboratory models with a drug-resistant form of the disease.
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Lab Operations and Automation Manager Chatura Jayakody operates the liquid handler in the Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery in Marsico Hall at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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Physicians issue advice, raise questions about best practices for evaluating blood in the urine as a sign of cancer
A new report from the American College of Physicians’ High Value Care Task Force issues advice for physicians on how to detect and evaluate blood found in the urine, which is known as hematuria. The report, which was first-authored by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center member Dr. Matthew Nielsen, also raises questions about the potential harms associated with diagnostic tests that are commonly employed to evaluate this condition.
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Using new drug screening tool, UNC researchers identify potential treatments for Ewing sarcoma
In a first-of-its-kind-study, researchers have discovered and applied a new screening technique capable of testing thousands of potential drug compounds to see if those compounds can reverse abnormal DNA unwinding in Ewing sarcoma, a bone and soft tissue cancer that’s most common in teens and young adults.
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Study finds gaps in patient knowledge of breast reconstruction surgery and complications
Researchers at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center found that breast cancer patients surveyed about their knowledge of breast reconstruction were only moderately informed about the procedure, and their knowledge of complications was low. The study, published in the journal Annals of Surgery, surveyed 126 breast cancer patients planning to undergo mastectomy at the N.C. Cancer Hospital.
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Study finds different genetic mutation patterns for HPV-positive throat cancer patients based on smoking history
Researchers at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center have presented preliminary findings from a study examining the genetic alterations in HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, a cancer of the head and neck. The researchers found differences in the genetic mutations of HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer based on whether patients were heavy versus light smokers.
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Social networks as important as exercise and diet across the span of our lives
UNC-Chapel Hill researchers show how social relationships reduce health risk in each stage of life in a new study. UNC Lineberger member Yang Claire Yang said the analysis "makes it clear that doctors, clinicians, and other health workers should redouble their efforts to help the public understand how important strong social bonds are throughout the course of all of our lives.”
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Low-risk prostate cancer best managed with active surveillance
UNC Lineberger researcher Dr. Ronald C. Chen was first-author of a report published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology that details guidelines for the active surveillance of men with low-risk prostate cancer. The guidelines, originally authored by Cancer Care Ontario, were reviewed and endorsed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
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UNC experts discover colorectal cancer biomarker, potential personalized treatment
In the journal Cell Reports, UNC Lineberger researchers reported they found markedly low levels of the protein NLRX1 in multiple laboratory models of colorectal cancer, and in samples of human tissue. Studies have shown that the protein is known to be involved in regulating immune system signals in order to prevent hyperactive inflammatory responses by the immune system, but UNC Lineberger researchers believe their finding also points to a role for the protein in preventing colorectal cancer growth. Based on their findings, they believe they’ve identified a potential treatment for colorectal cancer with low NLRX1.
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Zika, emerging viruses focus of UNC virology seminar
Zika, the virus currently causing worldwide concern due to its alarming connection to a neurological birth disorder, was discussed as part of a presentation on emerging infectious diseases for the UNC Lineberger-led seminar series titled "Virology in Progress." Helen Lazear, PhD, a UNC Lineberger member and an assistant professor in the UNC School of Medicine Department of Microbiology and Immunology, spoke about Zika and noted that experts know relatively little about the virus.
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